# Find the value of k for which the line y = kx + 6 is a tangent to the curve x^2 + y^2 – 10x + 8y = 84

srosrguezbracho    1   14.02.2022 05:10    4

hazeleyes8908  14.02.2022 05:10

k = 1/2

Step-by-step explanation:

input y = kx +6 into the equation of the curve x² + y² – 10x + 8y = 84

x² + (kx + 6)² - 10x + 8(kx + 6) = 84

expand:

x² + k²x² + 12kx + 36 - 10x + 8kx + 48 = 84

simplify by collecting like terms:

x² + k²x² + 20kx - 10x + 84 = 84

subtract 84 on both sides to bring it to the left:

x² + k²x² + 20kx - 10x + 84 - 84 = 0

x² + k²x² + 20kx - 10x = 0

factorise out x:

x²(1 + k²) + x(20k - 10) = 0

using the discriminant b² - 4ac where b is 20k - 10, a is 1 + k² and c is 0, substitute them in the formula b² - 4ac:

b² - 4ac

(20k - 10)² - 4(1 + k²)(0) = 0

the part highlighted in bold is gone because it's all multiplied by 0, so we are left with (20k - 10)² = 0

(20k - 10)² is the same as

(20k - 10)(20k - 10)

equate both to 0

20k - 10 = 0 and 20k - 10 = 0

20k = 10 and 20k = 10

divide 20 on both sides

k = 10/20 and k = 10/20 which are both the same

10/20 is simplified to 1/2

k = 1/2